The paper of the investigators in the conservation of the pollenizers
According to the Dr Mariano Devoto, educational and investigating the Faculty of Agronomy of the GRAPE and CONICET, in the zones typically agriculturists, it is necessary to focus the effort in the handling and conservation of the small semi-natural patches that there are in the edges of ways, limits between lots, embankments of train and other areas nonhandled (for example, low and moist soils). In landscapes still dominated by great extensions of cultures a connected fragment network exists to each other that can work not only as refuges of the biodiversity but also as a source of benefits for the surrounding agricultural area.
These benefits can be multiple: insects that pollinate the cultures, floral resources for the beekeeping, animal that contribute to the weeds and plagues control of. In this sense, an important part of our project is to identify what characteristic of the edges determines that they are better or worse refuges for the pollenizers. Some of the things that we are evaluating are the width of the edges and its composition of plants. In addition, we are seeing how each portion of wild form in fact part of a complex landscape with multiple elements (cultures, areas noncultivated, other edges) with which is related and that can affect their composition of species and its operation. In this sense the pollenizers are a good example of movable organisms that they connect all the landscape.
I believe that once the conservation consolidates than it has now is possible to be advanced in extending these areas noncultivated with a system similar to the one of the agro-environmental schemes that work in other countries. It would mainly imply a cautious profound change of the system from all the involved actors, but it is possible to be done.
Independent of the particular form that takes the projects from conservation, I believe that from the scientific scope we have the responsibility to generate and to spread good information based, that it can contribute to that the decisions which they are taken and the initiatives that start up have the possible most solid foundations. By all means that also we must contribute in processing the data available for other agricultural systems of the world and seeing to what extent it is possible to be applied reasonably in our country. If lack a reliable knowledge base, everything what it is constructed later goes to be feeble and their probabilities of success will be doubtful. The process to generate knowledge, including the one of applied nature, can be expensive - as much in terms of time as from resources, but definitively it is worth the pain in the medium and long term. We cannot play the dices with the destiny of our biodiversity and the numerous benefits that provides to us.
On the subject, the Dr. Leonardo Galetto, Professor Titular Regular in the National University of Cordoba and Investigator of CONICET affirms: It seems fundamental to develop to this type of projects along with the companies and producers to me to develop knowledge that serve to all the society and generate spaces to develop brings back to consciousness and one better public communication of the scientific knowledge available. The cultural changes require of being able to deepen the education to reach solutions to the great social problems that affect to us at the moment.