Process of Pollination
Of what the pollination process consists?
Often we have wondered ourselves how it is that the nature maintains a right balance between the parts and how some natural processes are developed. Exist of life fundamental do elements for the development? In order to give a possible answer, we will enter ourselves in one of the most important processes of the nature: the pollination.
Plants and pollenizers take million years on a par evolving and working, constituting itself as the clearest example of mutualism in the nature. Foods or protection for their descendants are some of the rewards that the agents pollenizers can obtain from the plants, whereas these last ones manage to multiply and to produce as much fruits as seeds.
When describing to the pollination, it is fundamental to observe that she is the one in charge to allow the fertilization of the plants and, also, the biological interaction that more wide-awake interest in the world of the nature. Thus it summarizes the Organization of the Nations for the Feeding and Agriculture: (the pollination) it directly relates the wild ecosystems to the agricultural production systems. The great majority of the species of phanerogamic plants only produces seeds if the animal pollenizers have previously transported the pollen of anthers to the stigmata of their flowers. If this service were not realised, many species and connected processes of the ecosystem to each other, would stop existing.
Pollination, the one in charge to allow the fertilization of the plants.
How take to end the pollination does process?
The polinizadora task consists to allow the production of seeds and fruits through the germination and fertilization of ova of the flower. This is possible by transference of pollen from stamen (masculine reproductive organ) to stigma - or part receptive of flowers in angiospermaes, where the mentioned fertilization takes place that, consequently, will cause that pistillo of the flower becomes fruit and ova, in seeds.
Which is the importance of the pollination process?
For which tenth ones that the pollination is so important? Because, without this service, many of the processes and species that maintain a bond between siÌ within the framework of an ecosystem would not exist. And the best thing for us, is that it is a gratuitous and completely extremely profitable service.
An extensive variety of agents exists pollenizers that enrich of considerable way to the natural system. Between 25,000 and 30,000 species of bees, in addition to the moths, flies, wasps, beetles and butterflies, represent the majority of the effective polinizadoras species. Between the vertebrates, they appear the bats, the nonflying mammals (some species of monkeys, rodents, lemurs, squirrels, olingos and kinkajºs, these two last, mammalian carnivores); and the birds (hummingbirds, birds sun, certiolas and some species of parrots). Here it does not apply the phrase that says everything in excess is bad: the best guarantee of some healthful services of pollination is the abundance and diversity of pollenizers.
In summary, pollination is process benefit society, that allows the reproduction in the plants thanks to the pollen transference which they can realise diverse agents or, even, the same plant, with enormous benefits the human being and for the planet.