Project Multifunctional Landscapes
I discovered the origin, the characteristics and the benefits of our project Multifunctional Landscapes.
A context that impels them
The present panorama in the world of agriculture, beyond an increase in the yield on which it is told thanks to the adoption of new technologies and the greater use of the consumptions nowadays, shows a worrisome diminution in the biodiversity in agroecosistemas world-wide level.
Our country, farmer par excellence, are not other people's to this; the changes associated with the agricultural intensification promoted the replacement of the pastures by annual cultures, which brought prepared the homogenization of the rural landscapes, especially in the Pampan region. This was translated in two consequences: the loss of habitats for the wild life and the reduction of the biodiversity.
In this way, the biological systems are less stable and have smaller permanence in the time. In addition, they undergo the ecosist©micos services - as they are those of provision of foods, water, fibers and fuels; regulation of processes as the climate, the purification of the air, the water and the pollination, among others; and the services cultural, aesthetic as as much spiritual: if the systems are less diverse, then they are going to provide minor amount with ecosist©micos services to agriculture, in comparison with diverse biological systems.
Why it is important to conserve these spaces for the biodiversity? Because it contributes to maintain and to recover the ecological services in the rural landscapes. It turns the producers into guarantors of the services that this variety of animal and vegetal species of the environment gives the society to him.
In agreement in this context and framed within our program of viability The Good Growth Plan, the project is inserted Multifunctional Landscapes, that as looks for to constitute biodiversity refuge and to offer concrete tools to reach a viable agriculture.
What are the biodiversity refuges
The biodiversity refuges are areas in which it is let grow the spontaneous vegetation in order to provide habitats and sources with food to the wild life. They are free spaces of culture and a great help because they facilitate the movement of numerous populations of native flora and fauna, since they act as connectors between the different present habitats in the rural landscapes.
Of easy installation and with very low cost for the producer, the biodiversity refuges are very important to maintain working the ecosist©micos services. Also they contribute to reduce the impact of extensive agriculture.
The proposal of Multifunctional Landscapes
The project Multifunctional Landscapes consists to install biodiversity margins to place them in any field of production. She is one devises offered to all the farming producers, with the aim of preserving the habitat that the pollenizers need. This is obtained through the conservation of wild species in the zones near the production cultures (to a distance among 6 and 10 meters).
It is important to indicate that more on the 90 percent of the plants it depends, in major or measured minor, of the pollenizers, including the main cultures at world-wide level. According to they affirm some studies, the task of the agents pollenizers can let grow you render them in more of the 20 percent in cultures as sunflower, alfalfa and oilseed rape (the three preferred by the pollenizers), and in somewhat smaller percentage in other cultures.
It is hoped to obtain great results for 2020, working on a par and in association with the National Council of Scientific researches and T©cnicas (CONICET), organism dedicated to the promotion of science and the technology in Argentina, and with those clients who want to add themselves and to be part of this project.
The Good Growth Plan, a global commitment
The farmers of today and of the future load and will load with a heavy responsibility: as if almost the 7.300.000.000 people were few who today inhabit the Earth, in 2030, according to numbers of the United Nations, they will be the 8.400.000.000 mouths to feed.
In that context, agriculture has - and will have a crucial roll for the humanity as far as the feeding, reason why the preservation of insects pollenizers (whether it is a question of melferas bees or others) brings with himself exceptional benefits for the agricultural system in many aspects, in his you even render.
Thus, The Good Growth arises Plan: the commitment of Syngenta to make a mensurable contribution for 2020. It is based on six great objectives that bear relation to the improvement in the efficiency from the resources, the rejuvenation of the ecosystems and the revitalisation of the rural communities. These pillars are:
- To increase the efficiency of the cultures: To work the productivity average of the main cultures at world-wide level in a 20% without using more earth, water nor consumptions.
- To reclaim more earth for cultures: On the brink of madness to improve the fertility of 10 million hectares of fields the degradation.
- To increase the biodiversity in 5 million hectares of fields.
- To reach to 20 million small producers and to make possible the increase of its productivity in a 50%.
- To train to 20 million rural workers in job security, especially in developing countries.
- To reach right conditions of work throughout our complete chain of supplying.
Promoting the biodiversity of pollenizers¦
Through project Muntifuncionales Landscapes we looked for to promote the biodiversity of the pollenizers in agricultural landscapes around the world.
This project consists of putting in value the multiple as that the rural landscapes in places act that are used intensely for agriculture.
Multifunctional landscapes arise from the necessity to guarantee an ecosystem diverse in the cultures agricultural worldwide, with the aim of which the pollenizers find a propitious habitat to live.
The agriculture form that is used at the moment in many countries of the world, does not assure a medium viability to and long term. Therefore, it is necessary to generate action to avoid problems of weeds, to stop the ground erosion and to benefit generally to the agricultural system.
With Multifunctional Landscapes one sets out to preserve the habitat that the pollenizers need, through the conservation of wild species in the zones near the production cultures (to a distance among 6 and 10 meters).
Objective of the Project Multifunctional Landscapes
The main objective of the project Multifunctional Landscapes is to increase the presence of pollenizers in the zones of the production cultures, from the creation of specific areas for the growth of native species in the margins of the agricultural fields.
This goal collaborates with a greater intention, than he is the one to help to that the biodiversity in all the agricultural landscapes of the world blooms. Without doubts, the biodiversity plays a central roll to obtain a viable agricultural production, and is precise to conduct concrete battles to guarantee it.
Benefits of the Project Multifunctional Landscapes
The project Multifunctional Landscapes presents multiple benefits, as much for the agricultural production in particular as for the biodiversity generally. In the first case, the presence of pollenizers in the zone improves the yields and the quality of the cultures, while it avoids the necessity to use additional services of pollination.
In relation to the biodiversity, the main benefit is the increase of the populations of pollenizers, many of which are at the moment in risk. In the same way, the multifunctional landscapes contribute to the reduction of the erosion of the ground, and create a propitious habitat for birds and small mammals.
Benefits for the biodiversity
- It increases the populations of pollenizers
- It creates a habitat for small mammals and birds
- It contributes to the reduction of the erosion of the ground
Benefits for the agricultural production
- It improves the yields of the cultures and their quality
- It increases to the biodiversity in the fields and viability of the cultures
- It reduces associated costs to services of pollination
The roll of the Agricultural Producers
In this project the agricultural producers play a central role as guards of the biodiversity in the rural landscapes and as main beneficiaries of the services that produce.