Multifunctional landscapes in Argentina
The biodiversity in the agricultural landscapes of our country represents a value more than substantial for the survival of the pollenizers and its roll on the cultures. But, beyond the diminution that exists today in its populations by different causes that strike them of direct way, arise new questions about the agriculture form that, nowadays, is implemented: he is viable to medium term? it is necessary to modify it?
The situation limit that took to a reframing of many questions in the agricultural sector was the replacement of the pastures by the annual cultures, especially in the Pampan region. The specialists noticed a homogenization of the rural landscapes, lying down to lose, thus, essential habitats for the wild life.
Against this background, in 2014 and with the collaboration of Aceitera General Deheza (AGD), the support of the CONICET and the Faculty of Agronomy of UBA (FAUBA), implemented Multifunctional Landscapes, a global project of Syngenta that it looks for to increase the number of pollenizers in agricultural landscapes, evaluating different combinations from native vegetation with the production cultures.
In synthesis, this project takes care of the biodiversity in agricultural fields. How? Through the preservation of reserved areas (calls biodiversity refuges) that allows the growth of the native vegetation, neighboring to the lots of production, without hindering to the agricultural area.
Why it is so important to take care of to the pollenizers?
The answer to that question is simple: more on the 90 percent of the plants major or measured minor depends, in, of the pollenizers (this also takes into account to the main cultures at world-wide level).
Doctor Marcelo Aizen, investigator of the CONICET, helps us to take dimension from the importance of the vectors pollenizers: Indirectly, the pollenizers are responsible for seeds, vitamins and nutrients, pastures, production of products nontimber and medical plants. In addition, Aizen extends about the biodiversity: To increase the number of pollenizers increases it, allows to create a habitat for small mammals and birds, contribute to reduce the erosion of the ground and to protect valuable water resources. From the productive point of view, it improves the yield of cultures and its quality, reduces associated costs to services of pollination, increases to the biodiversity in the fields and viability of the cultures.
The Dr. Leonel Galetto, also investigator of the CONICET, adds that Multifunctional Landscapes are tie with a demanding social reclamation with the way to produce in the agricultural sector, which must be respectful with the environment. In addition, the agents pollenizers hit positively in the cultures that they demand of greater pollination as the sunflower, where we have found improvements of until a 15% in the quality of the seeds and oils, she adds.
In order to know more on Multifunctional Landscapes, the experiences in the world and Latin America, the method of installation and conservation and the benefits, we invited to you to enter here.