How one implemented multifunctional landscapes in AGD fields
Syngenta and AGD presented to field the program Multifunctional Landscapes in the establishment the Spring where it takes place maize, soybean and peanut. One crossed by three stations allowed to see how the old ways became conectoras areas of agents pollenizers that promote the biodiversity. An example of intensive agriculture, but with viable and natural agricultural systems.
During the past few years the biodiversity of the agricultural landscapes in Argentina is handicapped. In order to begin to generate a conceptual change in the Syngenta producer it promotes the strategy of Multifunctional Landscapes that this week appeared in fields of the establishment the Flowing property of Aceitera General Deheza (AGD).
The strategy of Multifunctional Landscapes is carried out from an agreement signed between Syngenta, FAUBA and CONICET, and persecutes the objective to increase the number of pollenizers in agricultural landscapes by means of the preservation of reserved areas for the growth of the native, neighboring vegetation to the lots of production, but without it interferes in the agricultural area.
Biodiversity in AGD fields
The stay the spring, located to 25 km of the Carlota. It is a field of 7,900 hectares where broken between traditional cultures and cultures of cover. In these earth 50% take place maize, 40% soybean and 10% peanut, and vice or rye is used that is seeded of aerial form to maintain always green the lots. From the home of the program Multifunctional Landscapes, in this stay now there are different s¡reas with refuges
for native vegetal species. True ecosystems that bring many benefits to the ground, to the quality of the cultures, the control of weeds, the agricultural system and to that they work in him. In the neighboring lots to the production cultures they can turns native leguminous crucferas and, vice, thistles, chicory, white clover, turnips, verbenas, etc. and among them million pollenizers. Also there are areas with great ligneous species, creepers and trees of good bearing that contribute sites of nest building of the pollenizers. According to the AGD technicians explained, which looks for is to maintain a variety of species that assure a flowering the year throughout. These floral patches car are sustained. And what there is to avoid it is that the culture advances towards these natural patches. When diverse it is the parcel in species, far better. This deserves in addition to produce low
norms of good agricultural practices.
According to Deheza explained Julio Priotti Responsable de Producci³n in proper fields Zone Center of General Oilcan: in AGD always we looked for to produce with the highest viability and quality levels. We have 5 own establishments in the zone and all are under certification RTRS in soybean. To incorporate the project of Multifunctional Landscapes allowed to change the vision us of our ways. Before we had them as transit spaces only and today are true conectoras areas of agents pollenizers. Thanks to this project of Syngenta we have in the field a factory of agents pollenizers. And he allows to respond us to the commitment that we must with the society to realise an intensive agriculture but with viable and natural agricultural systems.
In that sense the investigating Dr Leonardo Galetto of the CONICET added: The ways must be green. The way is way and the lot area is the productive space. When ordinate in terms of biodiversity is avoided to pulverize on the internal ways of the fields is begun to make an agriculture. On the matter, Ing. Guillermo Delgado, Head of Custodia de Productos de Syngenta added: the protocol of installation of a multifunctional landscape clarifies that these spaces must grow on a par of the cultures but without interfering with them, on the contrary, they must contribute benefits to him. Not only one is to let grow weeds to the flank of the culture, we must make sure to manually select to those weeds retiring those that are detrimental for agriculture, as the cases of black Branch and red Yuyo maintained.
For 5 or 6 years that we see that the increases in the growth of the production are not making a contribution to viable agriculture. The social reclamation today demands to produce with respectful agronomic handlings of the environment as it is it Multifunctional Landscapes. And in addition the agents pollenizers hit positively in the cultures that they demand of greater pollination as the sunflower, where we have found improvements of until a 15% in the quality of the seeds and the oils add Galetto.
This program of Syngenta helps to see agronomy us as an alive system. In our establishment we tried that the 100% of the time the grounds have green cover. Even during the times of fallow land when we worked with cultures on watch to improve the erosion and the infiltration add Julio Priotti.
The impact in peanut:
Finally Julio Priotti agr objective ego that as for this year will look for to quantify the benefits and the increases of yield and quality that the preservation of the pollenizers can generate in the peanut culture, that is a product destined to consumption h
umano. The peanut has flowers with nectar and is ideal to improve from a natural strategy 100%. AGD is pioneering in quality production, from year 2016 we are viable suppliers of peanut of Unilever which demands to preserve areas viability and to validate biodiversity areas concludes.