Monkey or multifloral, of prairie or mount, of eucalyptus, orange trees or lemon trees, the possibilities of characterization of the honeys that Argentina owns represent an opportunity for the beekeepers.
According to it publishes the daily Bugler, investigators of the Apicultural National Program of INTA (Proapi) along with specialists of the INTI, Universities and of provincial governments they work in the floral, sensorial determination and of the physico-chemical characteristics of more than 80 varieties of honey that can be obtained and be consumed in the country.
He is not very simple to quantify how many types of honey it has in the country, since they depend on the spontaneous flora and the cultures of each region, it assured Laura Gurini, specialist in characterization of honeys of the INTA, and indicated: We can consider that it can have more than 80 varieties. There is no a honey that is equal to another one, and is by which in the market honeys with different characteristics from color, scent can be found, aroma and taste, it analyzed Gurini. What them difference is the botanical origin from which came the nectar that the bee used, that is to say, the flowers that visited to produce the honey, explained. Generally, the consumers think that the clear honeys are of better quality than the darks, concept that is not based on real data. To know the supply honeys that takes place in each region will be a tool not only to generate knowledge on the physico-chemical, palinol³gicas and sensorial characteristics of the honeys, but, in addition, it will allow to add value to him by means of the differentiated sale. It is necessary to count on information generated in the country about the characteristics of our honeys, since the information that gave rise to the previous resolutions leans in the characteristics of European honeys, Gurini reflected. As far as the preferences of the consumers, we can say that the honeys of Citrus are very appreciated by their scent, to the one of Eucalyptus give medicinal properties to him, those of prairie are asked for because more they are known and they are obtained in the majority of the supermarkets, it described the specialist of the INTA. It also looks One by one, in what situation is each regional economy Generally, the consumers think that the clear honeys are of better quality than the darks, concept that is not based on real data. All is good, the color or the scent does not modify the qualities of this natural product, it observed. Nevertheless, Gurini reaffirmed the importance of the information on the other that looks for the consumers at the time of inclining by one or. It is necessary to increase the diffusion on the types of possible honeys that they are possible to be produced and to be consumed in Argentina so that the buyers know from what corner of the country comes the product, it indicated. Technically, the honeys of flowers are made by the bees from the nectar of the visited plants. However, the honeys of mielada do not contain pollen, or is in very low percentage, and are originated from secretions of some plants or the excretions of insects that feed themselves on sap and eliminate sweet substances that have not been able to digest. Generally, the honeys of mielada are denser, darker and contain major amount of minerals, indicated Gurini and added: They are not crystallized or they do it very slowly and in them they predominate sugars as erlosa and melecitosa, that are not present in the honeys of flowers. It also looks at the honey, of the Focused flower to the table in these characteristics, the Ministry of Agro-industry, through the Secretariat of Alimentos and Bioeconoma and the National Direction of Foods and Drinks, along with the Proapi of the INTA, coordinates the elaboration of a guide who will constitute a tool to generate knowledge of the physico-chemical characteristics, palinol³gicas and sensorial of the honeys. At present, there are 22 types of different honeys that they own some advance in the characterization studies: carob tree, atamisqui, colored quebracho, piquilln, abrepu±o, cald©n, blue flower, alder of river, ca¡-tay, alfalfa, clovers, mistol, sunflower, Eucalyptus, neneo, radal, chilca, Citrus, lemon of Tucuman, honey of prairie, delta and mount. We needed to develop a methodology of agreed analysis with all the groups of investigators who work in the characterization of honeys so that she is the same in all the country, he affirmed Gurini.