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Pollination

We told you what is the pollination, which are their benefits and why it is so important. Also we showed to some images of pollenizers and clear computer graphics to you on the pollination process.

What is the Pollination?

What is the pollination? Concept and Definition

The pollination is the process through what pollen (grain produced by the plants that contains a masculine individual) is transferred from the stamen (masculine floral organ) to the stigma (feminine floral organ). Of this form, one takes place the germination and ovum fertilization of the flower, which gives rise to the production of seeds and fruits.

Pollination and WideDesktopWallpapers

The pollenizers, also known as agents pollenizers or vectors pollination, are the ones in charge to execute the process of transference of pollen from a flower to another one. They can be abiotic agents (as the water or the wind) or biotic (animal). These last ones, especially the insects, are the ones in charge to pollinate more of 80% of the floríferas species of the world. The main polinizadoras species are the bees, moths, butterflies, flies, beetles and bats.

Pollination and Agents WideDesktopWallpapers

Flowers exist that can be pollinated by a great variety of vectors pollenizers (the flame generalist), whereas other species only can receive a sort (the flame specialistic). In all the cases, the pollination generates mutual benefits, as much for the plant as for the pollenizer.

The pollination process

Pollination and Agents WideDesktopWallpapers
Pollination and Agents WideDesktopWallpapers

Benefits of the pollination

Multiple benefits exist that the pollination offers:

  • It allows the reproduction: for a great amount of plants with flowers, its only possibility of reproduction is through a vector pollenizer that transfers its pollen
  • It guarantees the biodiversity: the pollination process animal allows that many plants and flowers can coexist in an ecosystem, fortifying the biodiversity and guaranteeing a habitat adapted for other species.
  • It fortifies the agricultural production system: according to the FAO, in sites in which the pollination was managed adequately, the yield increased a 24%
  • It improves the nutrition: many of the foods that are consumed on a daily basis, require of an suitable pollination to be able to arrive at the table.

Importance of the pollination

The pollination constitutes a vitally important process for the survival of the natural terrestrial ecosystems and the continuity of the food production. If agents did not exist pollenizers around the world, it would be impossible to produce a great amount of foods that today allow that the human being has a well-balanced nutrition.

It is possible to emphasize that, in sites of horticultural expansion in which the pollination has not been guaranteed, it is possible to be observed how the landscape has been uniformizado and lost biodiversity is had. For this reason, the presence of agents pollenizers is key to advance towards a sustainable agriculture and to preserve the functions of the agricultural ecosystems.

Images of pollination

Here we shared some examples of pollination, in a gallery of images with the main vectors pollenizers.

Pollination: Polinizadora bee

The bee, agent pollenizer par excellence

Pollination: Polinizadora butterfly

The butterfly, one of the agents more important pollenizers

Pollination: Ave Polinizadora

The birds are important vectors pollenizers

Pollination: Polinizadora caterpillar

The main pollenizers of the world are insects

Pollination: Abiotic agent. The Wind

Pollination by the wind

In summary, from these concepts we can understand better what is the pollination, what benefits bring, which are the main vectors pollenizers involved in the process and which is the importance of the pollination for the biodiversity and the production of foods in the world.