Uruguay: the pollenizers look for their place
In National Expoactiva, one from the main exhibitions to field of Uruguay, Syngenta along with the Faculty of Agronomy of the University of Buenos Aires presented the project Multifunctional Landscapes whose main objective is the one to promote the biodiversity of pollenizers in agricultural landscapes.In a traditional context and according to the protocol of work of each producer, the control of insects and weeds is accustomed to would realise not only within the lot but also in ways, edges of fencings, and even in areas that are not destined to the agricultural production. This brings prepared a diminution of the populations of beneficial insects, among them the insects pollenizers, of great importance for renders of many cultures. In order to revert this Syngenta situation in agreement with investigators of the Faculty of Agronomy of Buenos Aires and the CONICET they carry out for three years the project of Multifunctional Landscapes, also call Operation Polinator (OP). The same has been being applied for more than 15 years by producers of other countries to preserve spaces of its fields, turning them into key places for the recovery of the pollenizers. One of its main advantages is the implementation facility, since they can settle in any farming establishment in only three steps: (1) choosing the suitable place of reserve, (2) leaving vegetation it grows it avoiding the application of weed killers and insecticides in those zones and (3) realising you cut annual (a minimum handling of the vegetation. This way, the biodiversity of vegetal species that serve as hospederos of beneficial insects, among them is promoted the pollenizers.
This project frames within the strategy of well-known Syngenta as The good growth plan that it includes specific commitments that promote the viable food production, among them the one to improve the biodiversity of the agricultural landscape.
Ing. integral Agr³noma Carlina Piedra of the Chair of Vegetal Production of the Faculty of Agronomy of the GRAPE was one of the ones in charge of his diffusion:
The objective to present this project in Uruguay was the one to promote the incorporation of farming producers that want to participate in the same, to add refuges of biodiversity in its fields and that the investigators in charge of this project realise the corresponding studies. Luckily the project had a very positive impact between the visitors of the sample, from farming producers to students of agronomy and public generally. Within the producers, several demonstrated interest to get up themselves to the project maintained.
Studies in Argentina became that show that by means of these practices it is able to also increase to the number of pollenizers and the biodversidad of the agricultural landscape. These parcels can contribute numerous benefits to agriculture as the pollination of cultures, the regulation of plagues and help the prevention of the sprouting of resistant weeds. This has a direct hit in renders of the cultures that they compulsorily require of insects for the pollination, as for example the sunflower. The soybean is a separate case since although aut³gamo is a culture - it is to say that it does not need pollenizers for the mincemeat of grains are investigators in Uruguay who study, in controlled conditions, if the presence of pollenizers can generate increases in yield.
According to Carlina Piedra: The refuges occupy a very small area within the field but they are sufficient to promote the biodiversity of the pollenizers. It is important to stand out that use is due to do of the good practices of handling at the time of realising the applications, as for example not to apply with wind to avoid drift towards these refuges. The reality is that making a handling responsible for plant health products within the productive area and respecting the biodiversity refuges, the same are viable and easy to incorporate and to maintain without delivering too much attack nor with associate costs.