What are the agents pollenizers?

Agents pollenizers: concept and definition

The agents pollenizers are those that realise the pollen transport from anthers (masculine part) of a flower to reaching the stigma (feminine part) of that same or another flower, in principle of the same species. They behave as external agents to the plant and can be abiotic (as water and wind) or biotic (as diverse animal, insects or birds). It is important to emphasize that each relation pollenizer €“ it plants is a universe and the rank of species is very ample.

What are the agents pollenizers?

The agents pollenizers or vectors of pollination allow the transport of the pollen of a flower (a) towards another flower (b) doing possible the pollination process.

Types of Agents WideDesktopWallpapers

A great variety of types of pollenizers exists:

Agents Biotic WideDesktopWallpapers

The insects are the maximum representatives of the biotic pollination. Within them, we found four great groups. The himen³pteros are a set integrated by bees, bumblebees, ants and wasps, among others. Are considered €œpredominant€ for the plant and ecosystems majority of, becoming their more frequent visitors. The dipterous ones (flies), the seconds in frequency of visits and on which an approximated amount of 100 species of worked plants depends; the lepid³pteros (butterflies and moths), with near 300,000 species; and the coleopters, such as the beetles, with more than 360,000 species.

Other biotic agents exist who participate in the pollination: between the invertebrates noninsects, we found the snails; of the side of the nonflying mammals they are in favor marsupial, erosive and the primates, in the vertebrates, mainly birds (hummingbirds, small parrots, among others) and bats. Also it is necessary to mention the participation of some reptiles, as the Balearic small lizard.

Agents Abiotic WideDesktopWallpapers

On the other hand, is the group of the call abiotic pollination, that separates as well in two: the hydrophilia and the anemophilous one. How participate to do the water (hidrofilia) and the wind (anemophily) in the pollination? In first, the drops of rain can splash and to transfer grains towards the stigma of the own species or the same pollen can float until arriving at the feminine organ or to move through water obstacles for would find with the stigmata. In the anemophily, the pollen transport lacks direction, thus take place great amounts of pollen, of size small, smooth surface and dry.

In summary, we can affirm that the agents pollenizers, that transport pollen from anthers to the stigma of the flower, are as vast as the same nature. They can be biotic or abiotic, insects or animal, birds or mammals. To protect them is a very important task and is the main objective of our project Multifunctional Landscapes, that pod©s to know here making click.