Which are the animal that pollinate?
An incredible diversity of animal Earth pollenizers exists. One calculates that they are around 200,000 with different forms and sizes.
What is what these animal do? In order to reproduce, the majority of the plants with flowers depends on the action than we know as agents pollenizers, those that transfer the pollen of the masculine vegetal organs to the feminine ones. The participation of insects as the bee is widely known - the most famous pollenizer: the great majority of the 25,000 known species, the bumblebee participates, the moths and the butterflies.
The carried out pollination by the animal receives the pollination name zo³fila.
Mammals, reptiles and others
But also the contribution of some vertebrates and invertebrates little known within the pollination is vital. That is the case of the lemurs: some strange threatened and endemic primates that live in the island of Madagascar, in the African continent, which they transport the pollen of the cactus for the native plants of the zone.
Also the geckos are an unthinkable pollenizer. One is a reptile pertaining to the family of the lizards who naturally lives in warm climates and droughts, that lick the nectar of the flowers of the trees and stick grains to their face and legs to transport it. These insectivorous lizards not always constitute themselves as pollenizers, but they act in those islands where there is deficiency of predators, filling the niche occupied in the continent by other pollenizers or more common predators.
In the case of the opossums and some monkeys of rainy zones, like the lemurs, the transport realise it through some small hands with which they take the stems of the flowers and pollen adheres thanks to a dense coat.
Also, it enters the invertebrates nonpertaining to the great group of insects pollenizers, we can find to the snails. Its roll as vectors pollenizers can turns, for example, in the case of the plant Aspidistra, pertaining to the east of Asia, which owns small brown flowers, near the ground. How realise this does process the snails? They stick pollen to its bodies when moving from a flower towards another one.
When the night arrives, they appear the bats pollenizers. These placental mammals feel attracted by certain sounds of high frequency that realise the species to approach them them. The bombac¡ceas, mucunas and crescentias are only some examples of these plants, also called quiropter³filas.
In order to summarize, we can affirm that the bees exist many species - not only as popularly it thinks that they facilitate the reproduction of the plants through the pollination. Therefore, we must know that the care of all this biodiversity is indispensable because, if we ended her, we run the risk of losing cultures that are essential not only for the feeding of the human beings, but also of many other alive beings.