The biodiversity as a key factor in the agricultural production
From 2014 Syngenta a valuable initiative is implementing in Chile to preserve pollenizers in regions where commercial cultures take place. This project denominates Operation Pollinator and must by main objective drive the populations of insects pollenizers through establishment and management of habitats with results monitored and verified in fields experiences them that they can be accredited to the agricultural reality.
The coexistence of modern agriculture and the environmental management in the same field is fundamental to produce of sustainable way healthy, safe and reasonable foods and, coverall, to fulfill the increasing demand of foods that would imply in 2050 to duplicate the present production.
Operation Pollinator is an international project that frames within the plan of viability of Syngenta The Good Growth Plan (www.goodgrowthplan.com), by means of which looks for to support the viability of the agriculture and the development of rural communities, through a series of commitments assumed by the company facing 2020. One of its pillars is To help to that the biodiversity blooms and must as objective increase the biodiversity in 5 million hectares of fields between 2014 and 2020.
Operation Pollinator began more ago than 10 years and nowadays it is developed in North America, in 8 countries of the EU, Brazil, Argentina, Chile, among others, adapted completely to the needs of each country.
Operation Pollinator in Chile
Of seedtime of flowers to the multifunctional natural edges
In Chile, Syngenta began to work this project in association with specialists recognized in the matter and mainly center in two edges was put: on the one hand in seedtime of flowers and by another one through the promotion of multifunctional natural edges. In year 2014 it was begun to develop a phase of planning and theoretical evaluation of the species of flowers, of which it comprised BIOTA (Led by Luis Faºndez, Engineer Agronomist), the apicultural equipment of the Austral University (led by Engineer Agronomist Miguel Neira) and the equipment of developer of the project of Syngenta Chile, based on the model of Operation Pollinator in California, developed by Syngenta the USA.
In season 2014-15 seedtime became of a great amount of different species in the different facilities from Syngenta, from Arica to Temuco, where it evaluated in one first instance different aspects from the floral species. More ahead, in season 2015-16, one worked with the Center of Applied Entomology BIOCEA, led by the Dr. Ph.D. Renato Ripa, in the establishment of different mixtures from flowers in 6 fields between the V and I SAW region, in which an entomological evaluation and of the periods of flowering was realised.
One of the conclusions of this stage went to learn to overcome different technical difficulties and the species of definitive flowers were defined as well, establishing a protocol of sowing and lack ferocity, which gave a real form him to the project thinking about the final result that it is the scalability.
The results of this phase were presented in Apicultural National Symposium 2016. Within this first stage (sowing of flowers) Engineer Agronomist Alejandra Brito, administrator of Agriculturist the Defense, field dedicated mainly to the production of citruses, thought that one of the majors benefits of the project was to make a cadastre of the beneficial insects, mainly pollenizers and other species. Additionally, having flowers of this type, allows to create a reservoir for these insects, since they constitute a food source at times at which there is no flowering in the cultures that we worked. The mix of flowers of the treatments presented flowering during the summer, which without a doubt extends the supply of pollen and nectar.
Another subjective point interesting and, but for that reason less perhaps nonimportant was not the change that was in the visual surroundings, to have these full places of very showy and showy flowers generated a very nice and pretty atmosphere. This change without a doubt generates an improvement in the well-being that is related to the best one and motivatinger performance in the workings commented Brito.
During present season 2016-17, it was begun to work in the central zone with fields model that wanted to be pioneering of the project. In these Syngenta cases it gave to technical consultant's office and the seeds, and the producers were at the moment made position of seedtime and of lack ferocity, yet what it implies.
The testimony of Alejandro Paredes, Agricultural Technician of the Fundo Santa Ines, Group the Hornilla, is a clear sample of the different visions and contributions that this experience can give: If we were going away to embark in implementing this garden of flowers, it wanted that a space outside to show, to feel proud to have a recovered space, that before this only served to accumulate trash.
According to it explains the Doctor and Entomologist, Renato Ripa (Engineer Agronomist of the Pontifical Catholic University of Valparaiso and Doctor in Entomology of University Imperial College of London): Operation Pollinator is an important initiative in support to the biodiversity of the planet, since the productivity of many cultures is associate to the pollination, and consequently the important health of these insectoses fundamental. The supply of pollen and nectar to the native pollenizers at times of shortage of these resources in the central zone of the country is increased, offering a flowering extended in the mix of flowers. Before this, the farmers are very inclined the establishment of the parcels considering the contribution that realise to the biodiversity and improving the image of the estate in terms of their contribution to viability. The mix of flowers also offer a resource to natural enemies, srfidos, coccin©lidos and especially parasitoides, contributing to food and refuge.
The work of Renato Ripa next to the Center of Applied Entomology BIOCEA carries out from an alliance between Syngenta and this organization. This work of collaboration allowed to develop Operation Pollinator in Chile, project that is strategic for the development of the works that Syngenta realises in our country and the world, Ripa commented. An example of it is that at the moment BIOCEA is realising the phase of field of an investigation that will allow to publish the study Evaluation of Operation Pollinator and its impact in the pollination of the Palto in the V region. A multidisciplinary equipment that considers Veterinary Biologists, Doctors, Engineer Agronomists and Entomologists has been part of the successful development of the project, that in this next season 2017-18 enters its phase of Scalability, where it is tried to implement the project in different fields. Already there are several great companies interested in being part of this great global project. In parallel the project of sowing of flowers, thanks to an alliance of Syngen-ta with Fraunhofer Research, the project Operation Pollinator looks for to determine the importance of the diversity of the flora of the wild presents in commercial orchards as source of resources and refuge for insects natural pollenizers and enemies, to the benefit of the orchard.
This way, in 2016 of the hand of Fraunhofer Research and Biologist Sharon Rodrguez Entomologist, it was begun to analyze the characterization of the habitat of edge in orchards of bilberry, palto and kiwi and its relation with the presence of insects of the Hymenoptera Order (melferas bees, native and parasitoides bees) in the central zone of Chile, which will have the first results in the middle of 2017. This initiative developed altogether with Syngenta will allow to know the habitat edge in agricultural systems and their contribution on the ecosist©micos services of pollination and biological control. Within this context one will provide the farmers with a tool to practically make use of the totality of the components of the orchard and its surroundings. Additionally, the promotion of the maintenance of the diversity of plants and native himen³pteros and the conservation of natural and semi-natural areas necessary to make really sustainable the present agricultural handling declared Sharon Rodrguez.
Source Magazine Agricultural Network Chile. February 2017