A farmer is a person who handles an ecosystem
Ing. Agr³nomo Lucas Garibaldi, Doctor by the University of Buenos Aires, whose specialty is the agroecology and the study of the interactions between plants and insects in agricultural wooded landscapes and, is the present president of the pollination commission and apicultural flora of Apimondia and, during a day of qualification realised in Between Rivers, analyzed the present state of the bees in the agricultural regions.
The Federation the International of Associations of Apicultores (APIMONDIA) must by objective promote the apicultural development - technician, ecological, social and economic in all the countries, and the cooperation of associations of beekeepers and people related to this activity anywhere in the world.
At the moment, the commission that he presides works after this objective concentrating in two great lines, the paper of the bees as pollenizers (necessary for the agricultural cultures and the natural flora) and the importance of the plants as food source (mainly pollen and the nectar for the bees).
The beekeeping and the service to the farmers
With respect to the form most common to ahead take the business of the beekeeping, the Dr. Garibaldi explained that the activity in the region in which I live generally not is dominated by great beekeepers, but are small producers that work in a familiar activity with a honey production that is sold generally locally. It is an activity that offers interesting income and that a connection with the environment promotes.
In the last years agriculture was advancing in surface and, consequently, it reduced to the variety of species with flowers available for the insects pollenizers. On the matter, Lucas Garibaldi shelp: paradoxicalally, present agriculture generates a great deficit of pollenizers since these need greater floral variety, in generally occurs in the wild plants that bloom of blow and in muhos cases are eliminated to consider them weeds. The homogenization of the agricultural landscape does not favor to the pollenizers that have less flowers to supply by outside the stage of flowering of the culture and less variety of species. The challenge is search systems where the beekeeping and agriculture can coexist of more harmonic way and agriculture benefits from a good handling of the pollination; and that stops the beekeepers are also a good alternative to leave the present crisis of the costs and prices of the honey. The form to take care of the landscapes for the bees is to preserve at least small edges of pastures or natural or semi-natural habitats, places where the bees can make nests, places where to leave the beehives. Part of the present conflict is the lack of knowledge, are other schemes where all can leave winning.
The agricultural landscape:
There is a concept of which a friendly agricultural landscape for the pollenizers also is to him friendly to the human being, because it implies diversity of habitats and aspects that benefit it in multiple dimensions.
With regard to this the Dr. Gribaldi explained that: To take care of the landscape, for example, if we have a water source, instead of cultivating until the edge and that source is affected, we could realise conservation practices respecting a greater distance, which offers areas for the pollenizers. This can also offer forage for cattles and prevents the erosion. Meaning that it is necessary to not only think the production systems about the short term - whatever I harvest more integrally by hectare but.
As society more and more is clear the importance of the pollenizers in the daily life, and Lucas Garibaldi talked about to this explaining that At the time of the pollination of a culture important and the melfera bee in particular and the many species of bees are valued, since there is more than 20 thousand species of bees in the world that are related to these integral landscapes. When we thought about a farmer, we thought about which to only sells wheat, apples or soybean us and, in fact, is a person who is handling to everything an ecosystem on which we depend. The proposal is to begin to recognize all those aspects of that ecosystem of which we depend, and also to pay them, to value them and to arm systems to preserve them.
SOURCE: Interview realised in Field in Action TV Between Rivers