Much more that honey: it discovers the true roll of the bees in the world
Many of us we have feared the bees to them when ©ramos boys, partly by to have undergone his painful punctures. But, it is that whole what they do? On the contrary, the hour arrived to vindicate its vital contribution to the food production.
The bees not only produce honey, that millenarian natural sweetener with antiseptic and anti-bacterial properties: the great majority of the species, especially the melferas, is the visible face of a more important ecological roll: the pollination. In fact, only 7 of more than 25,000 species produce honey, whereas all almost can participate in the pollination. In addition, the great majority is known for being florcolas forced and, as much larvae as adult, have to floral products as food. In all the other groups of pollenizers, as soon as a subgroup of species can visit the flowers.
In order to explain the pollination process, we go to the particular characteristics of these himen³pteros insects. They have hairs that cover their body, allowing them to effectively gather grains of pollen; they carry out a specific work extremely, since a single flower is visited by trip; and it is in the own pollination that feeds and realises the contributions adapted for their colony.
Just by a favorable visit to the plant, the bees can memorise the color as much as the scent, repeating thanks to it the visit in flowers of the same species. Then, they can what is called transmit the information to his companions by means of language by dance.
In summary, it is clear that these agents pollenizers realise many more tasks than the one to produce honey: they provide loaded foods of nutrients, which, in last instance, help to improve our diet; they increase the production of our foods and improve his flavor and forms (one calculates that the efficiency of the production raises a 24% almost); and they maintain the biodiversity when participating in the production of many plants.
In spite of that importance, today the survival many agents pollenizers as the bees are themselves threatened. Almost 35% of the invertebrate pollenizers in special the bees and the butterflies, and a 17% of the vertebrates such as the bats are in extinction danger. It is by that to take care of these alive beings and to guarantee propitious ecosystems for its communities are fundamental to maintain the biodiversity and to assure the survival many species.